What is more, these sectors are staffed largely by expatriate specialists (from the West and some high-skilled professionals from the developing world) and laborers (mostly from south Asia). The heavy industry and real estate projects are an attempt to balance the oil sector with new rent opportunities. Unfortunately, the projects are not creating sufficient job opportunities for local nationals with respect to their skill level and desired mode of employment. That is, the local educational systems are not putting out enough skilled professionals to displace those upper level expats, while the locals do not want to do the labor that will displace the low-skilled expats. The transformation required is significant and will take some time to enact. Really, it will be a generational change and likely will be significantly destabilizing until a new mode of socio-economic and political organization is found in the Gulf.
The data comes from the U.S. Energy Information Administration for consumption data and World Bank and U.S. Census Bureau for population statistics.